Doctor, what's wrong with my gum? It always bleed when i Brush my teeth

Are you having loose teeth? Bleeding while brushing your teeth? Bad mouth breath? You are possibly having Gum disease! 

Q: What is gum disease?

Gum disease is an Infection of the Gums and Surrounding Tissues that hold teeth in place. In healthy stage the level of bone should be around the neck of the tooth. Whereas, in periodontal disease state, the bone level has reduced.

healthy tooth supporting structure vs disease structure

healthy tooth supporting structure vs disease structure

 Q: Is gum problem a sign of aging?

In past, people used to think that gum disease, teeth loose is normal when people getting older. However, this is not true! The good news is that gum disease can be prevented. It does not have to be a part of growing older. With thorough brushing and flossing and regular professional cleanings by your dentist, you can reduce your risk of developing gum disease as you age. If you have been treated for gum disease, sticking to a proper oral hygiene routine and visiting your dentist for regular cleanings can minimize the chances that it will come back.

Q: Why are we having gum disease?

Plaque Buildup Can Form Tartar. Gum disease is typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow dental plaque -- a sticky film of bacteria -- to build up on the teeth. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form tartar that brushing doesn't clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

Q: How a healthy gum should be looks like?

Your healthy gum should be pink in color, pyramidal in shape, not bleed easily on brushing, no bad breath.


Mild form of Gum Disease

Gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. In the stage, it is usually painless, that's why many people choose to neglect it. The supporting bone is still intact, thus if you are able to keep good oral hygiene, the condition can go back to normal. (reversible).
Warning sign of mild form Gum disease (gingivitis): Gum red in color, Swollen, Bleeding on brushing, and Mouth odor


Severe form of Gum Disease

Periodontitis, a more severe form that can damage the soft tissues and bone that support teeth. It can be further divided into early, moderate and advance stage. In the severe form of gum disease, it is not reversible due to loss of the bone that surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss!In more advanced cases, gum disease can cause sore gums and pain when chewing


Q: What are the treatments for gum diseases?

Warning Sign of severe form Gum Disease (periodontitis):

Gums that bleed easily (may have spontaneous bleeding)
Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
Persistent bad breath or bad taste
Adult teeth becoming loose
Cannot bite properly
Pus discharge from the gum while pressing
Denture start becoming loose.

In mild form of gum disease, scaling and polishing treatment is enough to remove the causative factor (plaque and calculus), and treat the disease. In sever type of gum disease, you will have to undergo scaling and polish plus root planning, and antibiotics. If such treatment does not effective in treating the disease, surgery (periodontal) may be indicated.

How's his smile?